As of 2015, the Toyota Tacoma is marketed in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Panama, Bolivia, Chile, and also the French territory of New Caledonia.
2002 Toyota Tacoma Prerunner
First generation (January 1995-August 2004)
The Tacoma was presented in the US in February 1995 (March 1995 market launch) as a replacement for the Hilux, which prior to this was marketed in the United States under the name Toyota Pick-up. Compared with the Hilux, the Tacoma is crafted with a better top priority on trip high quality, taking care of, convenience, and safety and security over ruggedness as well as payload ability. The layout is meant to much better suit the demands of the United States and also Canadian pickup truck market, where pickup, specifically portable and mid-sized models, are commonly used as personal automobiles, as well as much less specifically for commercial, agricultural, and also off road use. The name was derived from the Shore Salish peoples' name for Mt. Rainier in Washington state.
Growth started in 1989, following launch of the 5th generation Toyota Pickup in late 1988 and ended in 1994. Design work was done at Calty Style Study in The Golden State from 1990 to 1992, when Kevin Seeker's outside design proposition was selected in the fall of 1991 and also in last form, frozen for manufacturing in 1992. Patents for the manufacturing design were filed in Japan in April 1993 and October 28, 1993 in the USA.
There were a total of three engines readily available for the Toyota Tacoma:.
-2.4 L four-cylinder rated at 142 hp (106 kW) and also 160 lb · feet (217 N · m) of torque.
-2.7 L four-cylinder ranked at 150 hp (112 kW) and 177 lb · feet (240 N · m) of torque.
-3.4 L V6 ranked at 190 hp (142 kW) and also 220 pound · ft (298 N · m) of torque. The 2.4 L gave 29 miles each United States gallon (8.1 L/100 kilometres; 35 mpg-imp) (freeway cycle), the 2.7 L provided 26 miles per US gallon (9.0 L/100 km; 31 mpg-imp) (highway), and also the 3.4 L supplied 22 miles each US gallon (11 L/100 kilometres; 26 mpg-imp) (freeway ).
Two-wheel drive Tacomas had 5-stud wheel lug patterns. The 2.4 L and also 3.4 L engines were readily available in this vehicle depending upon alternatives. Automatic and manual transmissions were readily available.
Four-wheel drive Tacomas (also 2WD staff taxicabs 2000-present) had six-stud wheel lug patterns, which had been utilized on the previous pickups (pre-Tacoma vehicles). The vehicle's frame is completely boxed up until instantly after the rear fallen leave springtime place bracket where it transitions right into a c-frame section. The 3.4 V6's manual transmission was an R150F while the automatic transmission was an A340F (Aisin code is 30-40LE). From 95-97 Solitary taxicab Tacomas had the alternative of a manual transmission with the 3.4 V6 engine. The aftermarket TRD supercharged 3.4 L V6 generated 254 bhp (189 kW) and also 270 pound · feet( 366 N · m ). From 1997 on, the single taxicabs only got a 2.7 L or a 2.4 L 4-cylinder from the factory. TRD plans started in 1997 (if the V6 engine was chosen, a differential storage locker in the rear had it).
In its initial pair years of manufacturing the Tacoma sold extremely well, bring in many young customers. The initial generation Tacoma underwent a minor headlight upgrade from recessed to flush headlights in October 1996 on 2WD designs and an overall of 2 aesthetic renovations: the initial in July 1997, and the second in October 2000. The renovations primarily entailed grilles (model year MY1998 and also 2001) and tailgate badging and emblems (MY1998). Mechanical changes included a button to distributorless ignitions (coil-on-plug) in 1996 and in 1997 longer back leaf springtimes. A passenger-side air bag was added in July 1997, and also the motorist's side air bag (criterion from 1995 launch) was "depowered". A lot of 4x4 versions had Toyota's Automatic Differential Disconnect (ADD) system after the 2000 version year.
Created via 1998 (by Yusuke Fukushima) as part of the MY2001 facelift (patented on September 22, 1998 at Japan Patent Office under # 0890798) was a new team taxi (four-door) model added to the lineup in October 2000. The crew taxicab showcased four doors and Tokico gas shocks, while the expanded taxicabs still opened up with two doors and made use of Bilstein shocks. The extended taxi included a 6 feet (1.8 m) bed while the staff taxicab featured a 5-foot-5-inch (1.65 m) bed. Lots of clients were upset with tiny team taxicab beds, but a lot of competitors shared this imperfection.
In October 2000, together with the front facelift, Toyota had likewise unveiled an S-Runner trim plan that included the 3.4-liter V6 engine. It included 16-inch (410 mm) alloy wheels, and also a 5-speed manual transmission with Tokico gas shocks. There were only 800 created each month from September 2000 to August 2004. By 2003 the Tacoma had actually acquired 16.5 percent sales from its previous years. The Tacoma's popularity only raised in the following couple of years. By 2004 it was ahead of the Nissan Frontier, and also Dodge Dakota, however still 2.2 percent behind in sales to the Ford Ranger.
In 2008, Toyota proactively announced a 15-year, unlimited gas mileage rust warranty for 1995-2000 version years as a result of inadequate rustproofing and also structure corrosion issues influencing over 800,000 Tacomas. Toyota will certainly either fix the structure or buyback the vehicle for 1.5 times its KBB retail worth. This was later on reached include 2001-2004 model years, however in these situations when a frame was discovered to be corroded to the point of opening, the frame is replaced with a new one as opposed to a buy back.
On November 21, 2012, Toyota remembered about 150,000 Tacoma mid-size pickup from the model years 2001 to 2004 that were marketed mostly in 20 cold-weather UNITED STATE states. The recall includes the spare tire as well as exactly how it could fall off.
2nd generation (August 2004-August 2015)
In 2000, Toyota began development of the second generation Tacoma under chief engineer Chikuo Kubota. Bulk of advancement job was handled by Hino in Japan. Developers Shigeya Hattori and also Hideo Karikomi of Hino, won the inner design competition in 2001. Last styles were iced up for manufacturing in 2002 as well as licenses filed on July 3, 2003, with examination mules being checked from early 2003. Models were built later on in 2003, with development ending in the second quarter of 2004.
On February 4, 2004 at the Chicago Vehicle Show, Toyota revealed a larger as well as extra powerful Tacoma. This brand-new Tacoma was offered in eighteen different setups, that consisted of 3 cab arrangements, 4 transmissions, 2 engines, as well as two bed lengths. The 3 cab configurations contain regular taxicab, gain access to cab, as well as dual taxicab. The transmissions are available in 4-speed automated, 5-speed automatic, 5-speed guidebook, and 6-speed handbook. Beds are: 6 ft (1.8 m) long bed, as well as 5 ft (1.5 m) brief bed. The Tacoma's 4.0-liter 1GR-FE V6 replaced the original 3.4-liter 5VZ-FE V6. The new V6 had several enhancements, such as a tow rating of 6,500 pound (2,948 kg), and also a haul capacity of 1,650 pound (748 kg). It creates 236 horsepower (176 kW) and also 266 lb · ft (361 N · m) of torque. The smaller, but brand new 2.7-liter 2TR-FE 4-cylinder option in less expensive models is ranked at 159 hp (119 kW) and also 180 lb · ft( 244 N · m ).
of torque. Toyota additionally presented an X-Runner trim, which changes the slow selling S-Runner trim from the previous generation. The X-Runner includes the 1GR-FE paired to a six-speed manual transmission, 18 in (457 mm) alloy wheels, lowered 2 inches from the factory and consisted of an X-Brace suspension package. Toyota also included a Down-Hill Assist Control (DAC) and also Hill-Start Help Control (HAC), with models that were equipped with the optional Toyota Competing Advancement (TRD) Off-Road plan. DAC automatically uses stopping during downhill descents while HAC stops the vehicle from rolling in reverse on hills. A back locking differential, or limited-slip differential were additionally some optional functions. Every Tacoma was produced with a composite inner bed that consists of a deck rail system with four restrain cleats, hook-pins, storage boxes. TRD plan outfitted Tacomas also showcase an in-bed 115V/400W AC power electrical outlet. The restrain cleats are ranked to hold up to 220 pound (100 kg).
The 2006 version Tacoma was a bit different from the 2005 version. The 2006 version made some options standard. Toyota additionally added 2 brand-new indoor colors for the 2007 design year. 2008 models are carry-ons from 2007. For 2009 security functions were added and also the Tacoma no more offers a mechanical minimal slip differential rather an open differential which makes use of individual wheel braking to replicate a mechanical LSD or "Auto-LSD". TRD off-road designs remain to come geared up with a locking rear differential. The second generation Tacomas were constructed in Tijuana, Mexico as well as Fremont, The golden state while the plastic/composite beds were all built in Mexico. However, in August 2009 Toyota revealed that it would certainly move Tacoma production from Fremont to San Antonio, Texas.
A minor renovation came for 2009, consisting of a slightly revised grille on some designs, brand-new LED taillamps, and also on the X-Runner, TRD Offroad and TRD Sport versions includes smoked headlamp trim. Complementary sound input now comes standard. The Access/Double Taxi vehicles have two new ceiling installed audio speakers and available back-up display. Four new outside colors are likewise contributed to the Tacoma.
After the personal bankruptcy of GM, GM finished its joint venture with Toyota. Toyota, requiring additional manufacturing quantity at its Texas and also Mississippi plants, finished Corolla as well as Tacoma manufacturing at the Fremont plant. In 2010 all Tacoma manufacturing was relocated to Toyota's Texas plant in San Antonio. The Tacoma will certainly be built alongside the Tundra. This brought a total amount of around 1,000 brand-new jobs to San Antonio.
The 2012 version year refresh included a restyled front bumper, fronts lights, grille, hood, brand-new inside and also a shark fin antenna for the SiriusXM satellite radio. The 2013 model year has touch screen stereo and also gets rid of the shark fin antenna and also SiriusXM radio capacity unless the optional Entune package is set up. 2014 models included a brand-new SR trim as well as for 2015 versions the normal taxi model was discontinued.
In November 2016, Toyota USA resolved a class action match over framework rust, consenting to check and if essential replace rusted structures on 2005-2010 design year Tacomas, 2007-2008 MY Tundras, and also 2005-2008 MY Sequoias in the United States and also its regions.
SG Automotive manufactures a truck with a comparable grille and headlights called the Huanghai Major in China.
3rd generation (September 2015-present)
The brand-new Tacoma was officially unveiled at the January 2015 Detroit Car Show with United States sales following in September 2015.
The vehicle has a new outside account taking designing signs from the 2014 model year 4Runner SUV and the 2014 model year Tundra pick-up as well as includes a a lot more hostile as well as masculine look, with a larger grill and new projector light beam headlamps. The tailgate as well as bed were revamped and also showcased a debossed Tacoma logo along with an instilled spoiler. New personality lines were also observed on the vehicle as well as an air dam in front of the lorry - these brand-new attributes will likely help in added fuel economy.
Under the hood Toyota supplies a 2.7 Liter I4 paired with a 6-speed automatic transmission or the existing 5-speed manual and a 3.5-liter V6 which runs Toyota's D-4S system changing from port to direct shot based on driving problems as well as works on the Atkinson cycle using VVT-iW variable valve timing. The 3.5-liter V6 supplies 278 hp and 265 lb-ft of torque. This engine is used in both a 6-speed automatic and also manual transmissions. EPA-estimated city/highway/combined mpg for the 4x2 automated is 19/24/21 and also 18/23/20 for the 4x4 automated. Based upon the SAE J2807 tow standards the Tacoma could tow up to 6,800 pound (3,100 kg) with the added tow bundle.
In addition to this, Toyota updated the vehicle's frame by including much more high strength steel in order to enhance the truck's rigidity and to drop weight. The body is likewise built using ultra-high toughness steel that will certainly be integrated making use of a brand-new hot marking procedure that minimizes weight. Toyota likewise upgraded the suspensions, back differentials and also rear axle to improve the truck's roadway manners while still keeping it off-road qualified. The vehicle is readily available in 6 unique trims, these are the base SR, mid-level SR5, TRD Off Road, TRD Sporting Activity, Limited, and also array topping TRD Pro. The truck is offered in Gain access to Cab as well as Double Taxi arrangements with the long or brief bed sizes. The Regular Taxi version was not rollovered for the brand-new generation pick-up. The interior of the pick-up obtains a full overhaul as well. Utilizing a handle-bar motif, Toyota made the interior of the Tacoma extra elegant as well as added a bigger touchscreen display as well as an all brand-new cockpit console. Soft-touch materials also changed the previous generations difficult plastics. A natural leather alternative was included. Toyota has actually likewise utilized an acoustic windscreen, far better shielded doors, along with even more climate removing to minimize road as well as wind sound. For the very first time Toyota will certainly offer twin climate control in the recently refined Tacoma.
Unlike the 2nd generation versions, the steering wheel controls (since 2016-2017) have actually minimized performance, and consequently impaired ease when attempting to browse phone Contacts/ Fave Contacts. The steering wheel D-pad controls are not connected to the Entune system for the purposes of searching and also selecting get in touches with. Rather, the vehicle driver should rely on voice controls, or unsafely getting to over to earn adjustments to the Entune system to surf and choose the proper get in touch with in order to place a telephone call. Furthermore, D-pad controls no more offer the capacity to scroll through checklists of tracks throughout USB or Bluetooth songs playback. The motorist should utilize the touch screen to pick brand-new albums/artists/songs.
The TRD Off Road trim versions features a brand new terrain choose setting which permits the driver to pick between various types of terrain such as, loosened rock, mud, and also sand. Toyota additionally announced a brand-new CRAWL mode that will allow the motorist to steer the vehicle in tough terrain while the truck handles stopping and acceleration by itself. In addition to this the vehicle likewise includes a moon-roof, key-less entrance, Qi Wireless phone charging ability, simple lower tailgate, dead spot surveillance system, backup camera (criterion) and also an installed GoPro owner (requirement).
Toyota additionally introduced a TRD Pro version in late 2016, which has FOX-patented Internal Bypass shocks, TRD Pro catback exhaust, TRD Pro skid plate, Ridged Industries LED fog lights, and heritage inspired 'TOYOTA' grille. The TRD Pro variation is just available in the double cab brief bed arrangement, with either a common or automated transmission in Barcelona Red Metallic, Super White, or Cement all with black and also red inside.
The Tacoma's change to its third generation took place while the segment is growing. In 2014, the San Antonio plant built 105,796 Tacomas as well as the Baja plant built 71,399 for an overall of 177,195. in 2015, the San Antonio plant developed 110,911 and Baja built 82,328 for a total of 193,239 constructed. In 2016, 191,673 Tacomas were marketed in the United States and also Canada (in addition to 115,489 Expanses additionally constructed in San Antonio) as well as, with the mid size segment up total, the San Antonio plant was running more expensive added Saturday shifts to stay up to date with demand, performing at 125% of predicted plant capability. The 2016 and 2017 model year double cab-short bed Tacomas are currently made in Tijuana (VINs starting in 3) and all various other Tacoma setups are made in San Antonio (VINs starting in 5). Toyota UNITED STATE revealed that they will certainly boost production at the Tijuana plant in 2018 from concerning 100,000 to 160,000 Tacomas.